The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test (HOBET) is created and given by Educational Resources, Inc. (ERI). This examination is a prerequisite for applicants who intend to enroll in a college program to earn a degree or certification in one of the health occupations. The purpose of the HOBET is to determine how likely it is that the candidate has the skills and understanding necessary to successfully undertake such programs and complete the coursework.
The HOBET is one of the first lines of defense for community and technical colleges as well as universities to identify students who may lack initiative or motivation. Programs that train future employees to work in the health field are by necessity rigorous; they are not designed for students with only a vague, unfocused interest, or for those who want to earn a degree or other professional qualifications easily and quickly simply in order to earn a high salary. Working in a health occupation requires a certain type of person; you not only need to be extremely hard working, you need to be motivated first and foremost by the desire to help people who need it. Money cannot be the primary motivation in this field, and those who are either unmotivated who or simply lack the necessary study and time management skills are not going to succeed. By requiring applicants to pass the HOBET, programs are able to identify such students before they are allowed to enroll.
Candidates should be prepared for questions that evaluate basic skills and knowledge pertaining to reading comprehension, grammar, math, critical thinking, and test taking. The HOBET also assesses test takers’ ability to deal with stressful situations, study or work as part of a team. In addition, the HOBET determines candidates’ learning styles.
The multiple choice exam must be completed within three hours. Because the purpose of the HOBET is to gage your likelihood of success in an academic program that will train you for a career in the health field, each school establishes its own criterion for acceptability. There is no single score that is considered ‘passing’. The scores given in each of the sections are reflective of how a particular candidate fared in comparison to all other test takers. While one program might refuse to admit a student with a 68% in the critical thinking skills section of the test, for example, another program might find that score acceptable.
In any case, the wise applicant will be well prepared for the HOBET. While there isn’t a limit placed on the number of times you can take the placement exam, failing it does have consequences. First, you must wait a certain period of time after failing the exam before you are permitted to retake it. This means you will probably need to postpone beginning your studies. As well, while failing the exam doesn’t put a black mark beside your name, it can discourage an applicant who, until failing the test, was excited about entering the health field. Rather than waste your time or dampen your excitement, it’s best to begin preparing for the test well in advance. Calculators are not permitted to candidates taking the HOBET, so you might need to spend time reviewing how to approach certain types of math problems. Learning or reviewing test taking techniques, the rules of grammar and what to look for when doing a focused reading will help you improve your outcome. Study guides are available, and for candidates with limited money or time, there are flashcard systems that can help you focus your attention directly on what you need to know.
In order to register for the exam, inquire about test dates and locations from the program you are applying to. The school will supply you with this information.
Breakdown Of The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V
Educational Resources, Incorporated (ERI) offers the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V (HOBET V) as an assessment tool for colleges that offer programs related to many aspects of the medical field. Specifically, the exam asks a total of 170 multiple choice questions in the areas of Science; English and Language Usage; Reading; and Mathematics; of these questions, 150 are scored. These questions must be completed in less than 210 minutes.
Each area of the HOBET V is individually timed. Science questions must be completed within 66 minutes, while English and Language Usage questions are to be answered in 34 minutes. Fifty- eight minutes are allowed for the Reading Comprehension section. Mathematics questions must be answered in 51 minutes or less.
The Science content area of the HOBET asks a total of 48 questions, or 32% of the overall test. These questions are broken into four subareas: Human Body Science; Life Science; Earth and Physical Science; and Scientific Reasoning. Of these, the 11 Human Body Science questions amount to 7% of the test’s total weight, while the 15 Life Science questions contribute 10% of the test. Earth and Physical Science multiple choice questions pose 9% of the total at 14 questions each. The final group of eight questions, Scientific Reasoning, is weighted at 5% of the overall exam.
The English and Language Usage content area of the HOBET accounts for 30 questions, or 20% of the total test’s weight. These questions are divided into three areas. Grammar and Word Meanings in Context contains 15 multiple choice questions, which is 10% of the test’s value. Nine spelling and punctuation questions amount to 6% of the test’s total, and the six questions pertaining to grammatical structures are responsible for 4% of the test’s weight.
In total, the Reading Comprehension content area of the HOBET comprises 28% of the total test. Of the 42 questions assigned in this area, 23 of them, or 15%, address the candidate’s comprehension of readings that come from informational sources. The remaining 19 questions (13% of the test in total) offer specific passages for the candidate to read then respond to by selecting the correct multiple choice answers.
There are 30 questions in the Mathematics section of the HOBET, which account for 20% of the overall exam. The subareas of both Algebraic Applications and Measurement ask four questions each, or 3% of the test. Three Data Interpretations questions amount to 2% of the exam, while the remaining 19 Numbers and Operations questions supply 13% of the exam’s weight.
In addition to the 150 scored questions, the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V also adds 20 additional questions which are not scored. These unscored multiple choice questions are included as pretest questions that are being reviewed for possible inclusion as scored questions in later versions of the HOBET.
English And Language Usage Content Area Of The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test
The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V (HOBET V), offered by Educational Resources, Incorporated (ERI) assesses candidates’ preparedness for college programs that qualify students to work in one of many medical occupations upon graduation. Many such programs include the requirement that applicants must complete the HOBET with a particular score in order to be admitted to their specific program.
The English and Language Usage content area of the exam asks 30 multiple choice questions, which is the equivalent of 20% of the total exam score. English and Language Usage questions address the subareas of Grammar and Word Meanings in Context, Spelling and Punctuation, and Grammatical Structures.
At 10% of the full Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V, there are 15 questions in the Grammar and Word Meanings in Context subarea. Test candidates should be prepared to apply grammatical rules that address subject- verb and pronoun- antecedent relationships; to demonstrate an understanding of proper use of dialogue and the conventions that govern them in print; identify and apply third person narrative, which uses the pronoun ‘he’ or ‘she’; to identify and apply second person narrative in which the pronoun ‘you’ is used, and first person narrative which employs the pronoun ‘I’. Candidates must also show knowledge of how grammatical conventions are used to clarify meaning, as well recognize nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, possessives, articles, prepositions, possessives, plural forms and other parts of speech. In this subsection of the English and Language Usage content section of the HOBET, candidates should also be prepared to demonstrate competency in using context clues to decipher the meaning of unfamiliar words or idioms. Finally, this section may also ask questions that ask test takers to establish the meanings of unfamiliar words by examining their relationships to other, more familiar words that share the same root, suffix, prefix or other identifiable word parts.
The candidate’s score of the Spelling and Punctuation subarea of the HOBET contributes 6% to the total test score with nine questions. While punctuation rules are relatively conventionalized in English, the spelling portion of this subarea is particularly difficult for many candidates due to the lack of conventionalized spelling. In fact, English has a high percentage of irregular spellings that are the result of the evolution of modern English from Old and Middle English, as well as from words borrowed from other languages. These words cannot be phonetically spelled, and must be memorized. While many of these words are not common, others, known as sight words, are. The wise test taker will prepare for questions in this subarea by reviewing both the rules of regularly spelled words in English as well as a comprehensive list of common sight words through at minimum a high school level. Candidates will demonstrate competency by selecting the correct spellings of words that are misspelled; distinguishing correctly and incorrectly spelled contractions; recognizing the proper way to pluralize irregular nouns; and identifying which homophone represents correct usage. This section of the test also asks candidates to apply rules concerning comma, semicolon, and colon use; parenthetical asides and hyphens; and apostrophes and quotation marks.
The Grammatical Structures portion of the English and Language Usage of the HOBET contains six questions that contribute 4% of the total exam’s score. In this section, test candidates must show facility with written skills by creating basic grammatically correct sentences that carry meaning; combining a series of sentences to develop paragraphs that progress logically; and producing a range of grammatically acceptable sentence structures. HOBET V test takers will also be expected to show a reasonable degree of technical expertise by crafting sentences that demonstrate a variety of sentence openings; different sentence lengths; and diversified sentence patterning.
Mathematics Content Section Of The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test
The Mathematics Content portion of the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V (HOBET V) presents 30 multiple choice questions in four categories. The Measurement subarea poses four questions, as does the Algebraic Applications subarea. There are three Data Interpretations questions, and 19 Numbers and Operations questions. In total, these 30 questions contribute 20% of the total score.
Questions in the Algebraic Applications subarea amount to 3% of the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V’s final score. Test takers should be prepared to answer questions that are designed to determine candidates’ knowledge and skills regarding equations that have one unknown factor. Basic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of polynomial terms may also be addressed in this subarea. Candidates will be asked to find the answer to equations that contain absolute values, as well as to determine mathematical equation equivalents for word problems as well as select the correct word problem that represents a given equation.
The Measurement section also adds 3% to the total HOBET V score. These four questions are designed to determine a candidate’s facility in translating items measured according to the values in one scale into another scale. Test takers should also be prepared to select the correct multiple choice answers for questions that ask for a measurement that is determined based upon another measurement, such as the distance between two mapped points using the map’s legend. In addition, examinees may be asked for metric estimates, as well as how to use measuring tools and units in order to determine volume, height, weight, and length of a given object.
Another 2% of the total test’s score is determined by the Data Interpretation subarea of the HOBET V. This section’s three questions involve the candidate’s ability to interpret informational data presented visually, such as in a pie chart graph, a bar graph or a line graph. Candidates must also select the correct multiple choice answers to questions concerned with how these visual representations organize information. Finally, questions in this subsection might ask test takers to identify which variables in a data set are independent, as well as which variables are dependent.
The final subsection of the HOBET V is called Numbers and Operations. These questions account for 13% of the test’s total score. Here, candidates will be asked to calculate numerical percentages, as well as an increase or decrease in terms of a percentage; understand sentence problems that have percentages as part of the equation; and apply computation steps in the solving of multiple step sentence problems that contain decimals or fractions, as well as those that involve whole numbers. Candidates should review how to convert a number written as a fraction into a decimal or percent; add and subtract fractions that do not share common denominators; multiply and divide mixed numbers; and subtract whole numbers using regrouping. Word sentence problems that contain proportions, rates of change or ratios will fall into this category of the Mathematics content area, as well as questions asking candidates to locate where a decimal should be placed in multiplication problems. Conversions such as from Arabic to Roman numerals and from approximate decimals into irrational numbers will also be found in this area. Practical math questions might take the form of asking candidates to determine advertised costs for multiple items or for a projection regarding the number of items or ultimate costs involved in an event. Another practical application that might appear as a test question involves bank account reconciliation over a period of time in which deposits, withdrawals and bank charges have been levied. Finally, candidates should be prepared for a question regarding the amount of pay is available to an employee after specific deductions are made over a limited time period.
Organization And Content Of The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test
The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test (HOBET), which is designed and administered by Educational Resources, Inc. (ERI), is designed to evaluate candidates’ strength in six areas of focus in addition to providing a composite score that reflects the areas in combination. Essential Math; Reading Comprehension; Test- Taking Skills; Stress Level; Social Interaction; and Learning Style collectively compose the test.
The first section, Essential Math, which covers a candidate’s understanding and competency with basic math skills and knowledge, contains 60 questions. Specifically covered are both basic and advanced algebra, percents and ratios, and fractions. Both basic and intermediate math questions are also included. Candidates who have most recently worked in a field that either permitted the use of calculators and other devices for job-related math, or a field in which math competency wasn’t required should focus attention studying algebraic and other mathematical formulas; this is an important portion of the test in terms of weight.
The section on Reading Comprehension asks a total of 33 questions that are designed to determine how well a candidate understands and can interpret 10th grade level science writing. The applicant’s understanding of sentence grammar, vocabulary and comprehension are all evaluated. This section of the HOBET isn’t weighted as heavily as the previous section that focuses on math; however many candidates are excluded from their program of choice because they failed to take the reading comprehension portion of the test with the degree of seriousness required to do well. Comprehension is measured as the combined result of the speed at which a document is read and the degree to which a reader successfully understood it. Reading very quickly but emerging with little or no clear understanding will not result in a strong score in this area. Conversely, reading at a snail’s pace and understanding most of what is being said will also not result in the strongest possible score. A candidate’s competency in terms of making accurate outcome predictions, drawing inferences, understanding vocabulary, grammatical constructions and syntactical usage are all tested in this very important section.
The 30 questions that compose the Test-Taking Skills portion of the HOBET are designed to evaluate the candidate’s facility in employing strategies that are useful when taking essay style tests, standardized tests or objective exams. Candidates are scored at the independent, instructional and frustration levels. Independent level scores indicate the test taker understands the material and can correctly interpret or apply it. Those who score at the instructional level are able to read and understand the material, but might not consistently apply the information gained to other areas. Those who score at the frustration level demonstrate inability to either understand key points in the reading or apply learning in other areas.
The ability to manage stress is very important to those who work in the health field. The HOBET contains a total of 45 Stress Level questions that collectively form an accurate impression of the candidate’s ability to roll with the punches. It’s important for test takers who don’t respond as well to stressful situations as they might to review problem solving strategies that can help tame stress or put it into perspective.
The fifth area of focus on the HOBET, Social Interaction, includes questions that give schools a sense of how you interact with others. These 30 questions look closely at your degree of assertiveness and passivity, how well you communicate emotional or nonverbal information, and how likely you will be to work closely with team members making fast decisions, accepting one another’s limitations and strengths, and moving as an efficient and well trained unit.
In terms of the number of questions, the section of the test that focuses on Learning Style is the most important. These 50 questions evaluate each candidate’s unique approach to learning. Some students learn best by watching and modeling, while others need to keep in motion and learn kinesthetically. Some cannot absorb information unless it is being spoken aloud, while others find taking notes is the only way to lock in studies.
Finally, each candidate is assigned a composite score. This score adds your Essential Math score results to the Reading Comprehension score, and then averages them.
Understanding what to study and how to most efficiently prepare for the HOBET will lead to the most satisfying results.
Reading Content Section Of The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test
The Reading Content section of the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V (HOBET V) offers candidates the opportunity to demonstrate reading competency by asking 42 multiple choice questions in two categories. In total, this area of the HOBET accounts for 28% of the test’s total score. Twenty- three questions, which are 15% of the total score, are designed to demonstrate how well the test taker understands informational writing. An additional 19 questions, 13% of the total exam, ask candidates to read a passage and show understanding by correctly selecting the correct answer from multiple options.
The Informational Source Comprehension sub –area of the Reading Content section of the HOBET evaluates a test taker on the ability to follow instructions; match a word’s definition to the word used in a particular context; read and interpret nutritional information on food labels; choose a product from a range of described selections that will best fit a particular set of circumstances; and correctly interpret information given on medication. Other types of information that candidates need to be competent at understanding include statistics; data or facts derived from a written source with a particular purpose such as a marketing piece, an inter- office memo or a brochure; headings that might appear in a book, magazine or scholarly article, as well as the subheadings that might accompany them; or information that is provided in a nonverbal presentation, such as via a chart, graph or time line. Candidates are expected to be able to recognize the scale employed by a standard instrument of measurement, and to apply a key or map legend’s information to locate specific information. Examinees must also demonstrate a degree of facility with understanding the purpose of a table of contents and an index, and be able to use information found in those sections to locate specific information within the texts they refer to. Still other sources of information include definitions found in dictionaries; synonyms in a thesaurus; information gathered and organized in a database; and product operation, and warranty and parts information found in an owner’s manual. Candidates might be presented with questions that address their ability to decode these informational sources. Test hopefuls should also be prepared to interpret information located in the Yellow Pages or a movie listing, as well as to understand and interpret cost information that depends upon number of units sold or number of individuals served.
The remainder of the Reading Comprehension portion of the HOBET V looks at a candidate’s facility in reading short and longer passages, and selecting the correct multiple choice responses using the information that was derived from that passage. These 19 questions, representing 13% of the total score, address a range of skills and knowledge. Candidates must be able to recognize thesis and summary statements as well as themes, supporting details and the text’s primary purpose; use stated information to arrive at a logical, though unstated, conclusion; and tell the difference between personal and professional opinion, irrefutable fact and reader or text bias. Other questions might look at the author’s use of rhetorical devices in order to deliver information, amuse the reader, convince or sway the reader emotionally. This section is also likely to include questions that consider how the author used organizing principles to deliver the text’s message, including cause and/ or effect; compare and/ or contrast; problem statement/ resolution; direct and indirect sequencing and descriptive choices.
Related to these types of writing are questions designed to determine the candidate’s ability to recognize distinctive traits of different types of writing, including expository, argumentative and narrative styles. In addition, specific questions that are aimed at determining the degree to which the candidate can identify authorial purpose may be asked. This section of the Reading Comprehension area of the HOBET may also include a question regarding how context of history and culture can influence the writing of a particular text, as well as how these things can open or limit possible interpretations. Other culture based questions might address how common themes of humanity might manifest differently from culture to culture.
Science Content Area Of The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test
Educational Resources, Incorporated (ERI) offers the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V (HOBET V). This version of the HOBET, released in October of 2010, poses 150 scored and 20 unscored questions in four content areas in order to evaluate candidates’ readiness for higher education programs that prepare students for work in the medical field.
The Science content area of the HOBET V asks 32% of the test’s overall score, with 48 multiple choice questions that are categorized into four subareas. These subareas include Life Science; Human Body Science; Earth and Physical Science; and Scientific Reasoning.
The 15 Life Science questions, 10% of the test, consider biological classifications; cell function such as genetic material storage; molecular synthesis; energy production and molecular transportation; natural selection; adaptation; and identification of cellular organelles both in terms of function and of structure. Multiple choice questions pertaining to the function of DNA and RNA in the replication of cells; Mendel’s laws of genetics; the organization and purpose of nucleic acids; differences between mitosis and meiosis, between photosynthesis and respiration and between phenotypes and genotypes; and similarities shared by genes, RNA, DNA, and chromosomes; and the Punnett square will also be found in this section. Life Science questions might also pertain to spontaneously occurring DNA mutations, and specifically address germ cell variations that affect later generations.
Human Body Science questions, 7% of the test at 11 questions in total, draw upon the pool of information that looks at structures and functions of systems within the human body. Multiple choice questions might address biological factors that affect fertility and birth rates; and the functions of the body’s systems including the circulatory, digestive, respiratory, nervous, and immune systems. This subarea of the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V might also test the candidate on knowledge of general human anatomy and physiology, or ask about how immigration, emigration, and birth and death rates result in population growth or decline.
A total of 14 Earth and Physical Science multiple choice questions, 9% of the HOBET’s overall score, address a candidate’s knowledge of basic information such as how the pH ranking recognizes acidic or alkaline solutions; catalytic function; solar energy; chemical reactions such as those involved in oxidation; chemical atomic bonds at the molecular level; differences between types of energy, including potential energy, contained energy and kinetic energy; and recognition of electrons, neutrons and protons and their relationships to one another and to the atom as a whole. This area might also posit questions regarding the chemical composition of water; the differences between condensation, evaporation and vaporization; the different molecular structures found in gases, liquids and solids; and patterns discernable in the Periodic Table.
The Scientific Reasoning section of the Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test V contains eight questions that account for a total of 5% of the exam’s final score. In this subarea, exam candidates should expect to find questions that consider theories, concepts, hypotheses, and rationales in scientific thought. Examinees will demonstrate their ability to identify alternative models and rationalizations for a particular line of reasoning; present and argue a scientific position; apply logic thought to created and modify scientific explanations for a particular event; and apply mathematical principals and current technological developments to fine tune scientific inquiry. This subarea might also pose questions that ask the candidate to demonstrate knowledge of guiding principles and theories that are core to scientific research.