The best way to pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination, also called the MPRE, is to use a comprehensive study guide to help prepare for the test.
The MPRE is an extremely important test for anyone looking to become an admitted attorney in most places in the United States. In fact, it is the test that is required to pass the bar in all but four jurisdictions. This test is in addition to the bar exam offered by each state and territory and covers somewhat different material. Instead of testing legal knowledge, the purpose of the MPRE is to judge how much an applicant to the bar knows about the standards of professional conduct related to the law. Questions can include queries about codes of conduct, ethics, discipline of lawyers, and other related issues.
Before embarking on a course of study for the MPRE any interested student will, in most cases, need a law degree. In many states and territories in the U.S. that degree must come from a law school that has been approved by the American Bar Association. But other states may allow a degree from a school that has not been approved, so any applicant for the bar should be sure to understand the requirements in his or her state. This is especially key for students with law degrees from schools in other countries.
Since in some states passing the MPRE is required to take the bar exam it is sometimes taken by law students who have not yet completed their legal education. Some states allow students who have good grades in ethics classes to waive the requirement to take this test.
The test itself is a standardized multiple-choice exam taken on paper and includes sixty questions, of which 50 are scored. Applicants are given two hours to take it. Students will need to register in advance and pay a fee to take the test.
To prepare for the test applicants need to be familiar with various documents provided by the American Bar Association concerning ethics and other issues. These documents, which can be obtained from the ABA, include the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct and the ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct.
Aspiring attorneys should also look to study guides to prepare for the test and see sample questions. In the MPRE each question presents a scenario or situation that has an issue related to legal conduct and then asks a question about it. Test takers will need use their personal knowledge of how lawyers are expected to behave to be able to answer each question. A study guide can help students learn about the types of questions they will face on this important exam. There are also flashcards available that can prep students for the types of questions they may face on the test.
Sample tests can be obtained from the National Conference of Bar Examiners, which oversees the exam, or through other educational resources for law students.
To pass the test an applicant will need a passing score. The test provides scores between 50 and 150, but what counts as a passing score differs depending on the state the test is taken in. Currently, most states and territories have score requirements ranging between 75 and 86.
What is the MPRE Exam? The acronym stands for Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination, and this exam is required, along with the state bar exam, for admission to the bar in most jurisdictions in the United States. In some states an applicant to the bar will need to take and pass this test before being permitted to take the bar exam.
Who can take this test will vary from place to place. In some states, including South Carolina, Maryland, and Arkansas, any test taker must have either a J.D. or L.L.B. law degree from a law school approved by the American Bar Association. Other states may allow test takers to have a degree from an unapproved institution, or to have passed the bar in another state, even if the education requirement is not met. Some states will allow a certain amount of practical legal experience to substitute for education at an approved institution. Others allow third-year law school students to take the test prior to graduation. Foreign students will need to take particular care in determining if their education will allow them to take the bar in the state in which they want to practice.
Some jurisdictions may also require that individuals take certain types of law school course work (such as a class in ethics) prior to taking the exam. Students with a grade of C or better in their professional ethics class are not required to take the MPRE in Connecticut and New Jersey.
The requirements for any individual jurisdiction can be found through the bar association for that state or through the National Conference of Bar Examiners, who provide the MPRE exam.
Prior to taking the MPRE Exam, applicants will need to pay a fee and register. Registration is offered both online and by telephone. As part of the registration process the applicant will get an Admission Ticket for the test, which will require a photograph to be submitted.
The test is a multiple-choice exam taken on paper. There are sixty questions, including 50 scored questions and 10 pretest questions that are not scored. The unscored questions will not be identified, so people taking the test will need to complete every question. After the content questions the examinee will be asked ten survey questions about the test center and the testing process.
The total time for the test is 2 hours.
The purpose of the MPRE is to assess not a person’s legal knowledge, or their personal values. Instead, the test is designed to assess the knowledge that an applicant to the bar has of established standards related to a lawyer’s professional conduct. This includes knowledge of judicial ethics; the manner in which attorneys are disciplined; the rules and principals governing the behavior of lawyers in the United States; and other questions about professional responsibility in the legal profession.
The questions on the test include a description of a factual situation and then a question about it that the test taker is supposed to answer, drawing upon his or her knowledge of the codes of conduct governing the legal profession.
In most cases, any student who has taken a class in Professional Responsibility or ethics in law school should be able to answer the questions presented in this test. However, because of the detailed nature of the questions, it may be necessary to use a study guide or other type of test prep materials such as flashcards to prepare. Students should also review the American Bar Association’s various documents related to codes of conduct, and take a practice test so they know what to expect on exam day.
The MPRE Exam provides scores between 50 and 150. Some states will allow a score as low as 75 to be considered passing, while others require at least an 86.
The MPRE test, also called the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination, is a multiple-choice test that is necessary to pass the bar in all but four jurisdictions. This is not the bar exam itself; but in some states passing this test is required prior to taking the bar exam. Others require this test to be passed along with the bar exam of the state.
To qualify for this test applicants may need a law degree – either a J.D. or an L.L.B. – from an American Bar Association approved institution. Not all states have this requirement, however. In some places any law degree will do, while others will allow test-takers to use real-life legal practice experience as a substitute for an approved degree. In some places having passed the bar in another state will allow one to take the test. In some cases, students who have not yet graduated from law school may be able to take the test Local requirements can be checked through the state bar association. These requirements can be especially important for students with degrees from foreign institutions, so it is important to check carefully.
In two states Connecticut and New Jersey the requirement to take the MPRE is waived if a student has obtained at least a C grade in their ethics class at law school.
To take the test any applicant will need to register, either online or through the mail, and pay the required fee. The test also requires that the taker get an Admissions Ticket, which includes information about the test (such as the location and time) as well as a photo submitted by the applicant.
The MPRE test itself is designed to test how much any applicant to the bar knows about the standards of conduct required by the legal profession. It is not a test of how much someone learned in law school, though many of the issues covered on the test will have also been covered in ethics class. Instead, the test is looking to judge how much the person knows about judicial ethics; the discipline of lawyers who commit ethical and other violations; the rules about the behavior of lawyers; and general knowledge of the professional responsibilities of lawyers.
The MPRE test is a 60 question multiple-choice exam taken with a pencil and paper. Of those sixty questions, fifty will be scored and ten will not be, though it is not obvious to the test taker which questions are scored. After the main body of the test is a group of ten questions about the test-taking experience in general. Every student is given two hours in which to complete all of the questions on the MPRE test.
Each question on the test will describe a situation related to attorney conduct and then a specific question. To prepare, applicants will need to have a strong familiarity with the publications on codes of conduct provided by the American Bar Association, such as the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct. Much of the information on the test will have been covered in law school classes on ethics or professional responsibility but students looking to get a high score should also consider obtaining a study guide, using exam flashcards, and taking practice tests.
Scores are given as a number between 50 and 150. Most states have a passing score between 75 and 86, though individual state requirements vary.